Pre 2000


Author: Title: Date: Journal / Publisher / URL:
Barton T.D. Thome R. Hoptroff M. The nurse practitioner; redefining occupational boundaries? 1999 International Journal of Nursing Studies 36 57-63
Southgate L Professional competence in medicine. 1999 Hosp Med 1999 Mar; 60(3):203-5
Woods L P The contingent nature of advanced nursing practice 1999 Journal of Advanced Nursing. 30(1):121-128, July 1999.
Offredy M The Nurse Practitioner Role in New South Wales: development and policy 1999  
Williams, Anne Changing roles and identities in primary health care: exploring a culture of uncertainty 1999 Journal of Advanced Nursing. 29(3):737-745, March 1999.
Maynard CA Political Influence: A Model for Advanced Nursing Education 1999 Clin Nurse Spec. 1999 Jul;13(4):191-5.
Cloonan PA, Davis FD, Burnett CB Interdisciplinary education in clinical ethics: a work in progress. 1999 Holist Nurs Pract 1999 Jan; 13(2):12-9
Hunter, Pauline MEd, BSc(Hons)PGDipEd, RGN, RNT The importance of education 1999 Nursing Standard. 13(46):49-50, August 4-10, 1999.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing Certificate and Regulation of Advanced Practice Nurses – Position Statement 1999 Journal of Professional Nursing 15(2) 130-132
Walsh M. Nurses and nurse practitioners part 2: perspectives on care. 1999 Nursing Standard. 13(25):36-40, March 10-16, 1999.
Hunt J A A specialist nurse: an identified professional role or a personal agenda? 1999 Journal of Advanced Nursing – Volume 30 Issue 3 Page 704-712 – September 1999
Aguwa MI, Liechty DK Professional identification and affiliation of the 1992 graduate class of the colleges of osteopathic medicine. 1999 J Am Osteopath Assoc 1999 Aug; 99(8):408-20
Hicks C, Hennessy D A task-based approach to defining the role of the nurse practitioner: the views of UK acute and primary sector nurses. 1999 J Adv Nurs 1999 Mar; 29(3):666-73
Roberts-Davis M, Susan Read, Gilbert P, Nolan M Preparing the Nurse Practitioner for the 21st Century 1999  
Sakr M, Angus J, Perrin J, Nixon C, Nicholl J, Wardrope J Care of minor injuries by emergency nurse practitioners or junior doctors: a randomised controlled trial 1999 Lancet 1999 Oct; 354(9187):1321-6
Smithson J NPs: the need for recognition 1999 British Journal of Community Nursing, 4 (2), pp. 65-69.
McCabe S; Grover S. Psychiatric nurse practitioner versus clinical nurse specialist: moving from debate to action on the future of advanced psychiatric nursing. 1999 Archives Of Psychiatric Nursing 13 (3), 111-6. .
McCartney W, Tyrer S, Brazier M, Prayle D Nurse prescribing: radicalism or tokenism? 1999 J Adv Nurs 1999 Feb; 29(2):348-54
Scholes J, Furlong S and Vaughan B New roles in practice: charting three typologies of role innovation, 1999 Nursing in Critical Care, 4 (6), pp. 268-275.
Ball C Revealing higher levels of nursing practice, 1999 Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 15 (2), 65-76.
Chang E, Daly J, Hawkins A, McGirr J, Fielding K, Hemmings L, O’Donoghue A, Dennis M An evaluation of the nurse practitioner role in a major rural emergency department 1999 Journal of Advanced Nursing 30(1), 260–268,
Department of Health Making a Difference: strengthening the nursing, midwifery and health visiting contribution to health and healthcare 1999 London, The Stationery Office
Hind M, Jackson D, Andrewes C, Fulbrook P, Galvin K and Frost S Exploring the expanded role of nurses in critical care, 1999 ntensive and Critical Care Nursing, 15, pp. 147-153.
Quall SJ. Clinical nurse specialist: role restructuring to advanced practice registered nurse 1999 Critical Care Nursing Quarterly 21(4): 37-49..
Bamford O & Gibson F The clinical nurse specialist role: personal qualities identified, 1999 Advancing Clinical Nursing, 3, pp.1009-1111.
Walsh R. Autonomous practitioner or handmaiden? 1999 Emergency Nurse, 7 (7), pp. 24-28.
Offredy M. Decision making by Nurse Practitioners 1998 – accessed on june 2003 The Florence Nightingale Foundation
Johnson SM, Bordinat D Professional identity: key to the future of the osteopathic medical profession in the United States 1998 J Am Osteopath Assoc 1998 Jun; 98(6):325-31
Baldwin KA, Sisk RJ, Watts P, McCubbin J, Brockschmidt B, Marion LN Acceptance of nurse practitioners and physician assistants in meeting the perceived needs of rural communities. 1998 Public Health Nurs 1998 Dec;15(6):389-97
Waller S The UKCC’s further work on specialist practice. 1998 Nurs Stand 1998 Jun 17-23;12(39):33
Hicks C. Hennessy D. A triangulation approach to the identification of acute sector nurses’ training needs for formal nurse practitioner status 1998 Journal of Advanced Nursing – Volume 27 Issue 1 Page 117-131 – January 1998
Mills AC, McSweeney M, Lavin MA Characteristics of patient visits to nurse practitioners and physician assistants in hospital outpatient departments. 1998 J Prof Nurs 1998 Nov-Dec;14(6):335-43
Waller S Clarifying the UKCC’s position in relation to higher level practice. 1998 Br J Nurs 1998 Sep 10-23;7(16):960-4
Editorial – Nursing Times Super nurses will not solve the recruitment problem. 1998 Nurs Times 1998 Sep 16-22;94(37):3
Wright S. Politicisation of ‘culture’. 1998 Anthropology in Action 5 (1/2): 3 10.
Allan JD Striving for quality in advanced practice nursing education. 1998 Adv Pract Nurs Q 1998 Winter;4(3):6-13
Brown M. Olshansky E. Becoming a primary care nurse practitioner: challenges of the initial year of practice 1998 The Nurse Practitioner 23(7) 46-66
Reveley, Shirley The role of the triage nurse practitioner in general medical practice: an analysis of the role 1998 Journal of Advanced Nursing. 28(3):584-591, September 1998.
Humphris D, Masterson A Practising at a higher level. 1998 Prof Nurse 1998 Oct;14(1):10-3
Mayled A. Medical Admission Units: The role of the nurse practitioner 1998 Nursing Standard 12(27) 44-47
Waller S Higher level practice in nursing: a prerequisite for nurse consultants? 1998 Hosp Med 1998 Oct;59(10):816-8
Hodnicki DR Advanced practice nursing certification: where do we go from here? 1998 Adv Pract Nurs Q 1998 Winter;4(3):34-43
Thomas L The UKCC’s specialist practice consultation period. 1998 Nurs Stand 1998 Jun 10-16;12(38):1
Elliott Pennels C. J. Specialist nurses 1998 Professional Nurse 13(6) 382-383
Waters T The role of the nurse practitioner in the gastroenterology setting. 1998 Gastroenterol Nurs 1998 Sep; 21(5):198-206
Read Susan Exploring new roles for nurses in the acute sector 1998 Professional Nurse 14(2) 90-94
Balogh D, Berry A A challenge for clinical nurses: a new nursing role. 1998 Heart Lung 1998 Nov-Dec;27(6):355-9
UKCC Higher Level of Practice – Consultation Document – Summer 1998 UKCC, London – In you file at work Dave – you did paper to Reports Directorate
Brown S. A framework for advanced practice nursing 1998 Journal of Professional Nursing 14, 157-164.
Garbett R The UKCC’s proposals for advanced-level nurse registration. 1998 Nurs Times 1998 Aug 19-25;94(33):18
Conway J Evolution of the species ‘expert nurse’. An examination of the practical knowledge held by expert nurses 1998 Journal of Clinical Nursing. 7(1):75-82, January 1998.
Scott C Specialist practice: advancing the profession? 1998 J Adv Nurs 1998 Sep;28(3):554-62
Torn A. McNicholl E A qualitative study utilising a focus group to explore the role and concept of the nurse practitioner, 1998 Journal of Advanced Nursing, 27 (6), pp. 1202-1211.
Pencheon D, Lambert M and Hadridge P The emergency care system of the future. So many unanswered questions, 1998 Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine, 15, pp. 49-53.
Overton-Brown P and Anthony D Towards partnership in care: nurses’ and doctors’ interpretation of extremity trauma radiology, 1998 Journal of Advanced Nursing, 27, pp. 890-896.
Department of Health Our Healthier Nation: A contract for health (CM3852) 1998 DoH London, The Stationary Office
UKCC Higher Level of Practice – Consultation Document – Summer 1998 UKCC, London – In you file at work Dave – you did paper to Reports Directorate
Dunphy LM and Winland-Brown JE The circle of caring: a transformative model of advanced practice nursing, 1998 Clinical Excellence for Nurse Practitioners, 2, pp. 241-247.
Bowler S, Mallik M Role extension or expansion: a qualitative investigation of the perceptions of senior medical and nursing staff in an adult intensive care unit. 1998 Intensive Crit Care Nurs 1998 Feb;14(1):11-20
Castledine G Role of the clinical nurse consultant, 1998 British Journal of Nursing, 7 (17), p1054.
Woods L. Implementing advanced practice: identifying the factors that facilitate and inhibit the process. 1998 Journal of Clinical Nursing 7(3), 265–273.
Warr J. Gobbi M. Johnson S. Expanding the Nursing Profession 1998 Nursing Standard April 22, 12(31) – 44-47
Jenkins-Clarke S, Carr-Hil, Roy, Dixon P Teams and seams: skill mix in primary care. 1998 Journal of Advanced Nursing. 28(5):1120-1126, November 1998
Castledine G. Nursing says ‘yes’ to higher levels of practice 1998 British Journal of Nursing 7(21) 1350
Rolfe, Gary. Fulbrook, Paul. Advanced nursing practice 1998 Oxford : Butterworth-Heinemann
Styles MM An international perspective: APN credentialing. 1998 Adv Pract Nurs Q 1998 Winter;4(3):1-5
Duthie GS, Drew PJ, Hughes MA, Farouk R, Hodson R, Wedgwood KR, Monson JR A UK training programme for nurse practitioner flexible sigmoidoscopy and a prospective evaluation of the practice of the first UK trained nurse flexible sigmoidoscopist. 1998 Gut 1998 Nov;43(5):711-4
Portillo CJ, Schumacher KL Graduate program: advanced practice nurses in the home. 1998 AACN Clin Issues 1998 Aug;9(3):355-61
Caballero C Carry on super nurse. 1998 Nurs Times 1998 Sep 16-22;94(37):13
Nolan TW Understanding medical systems 1998 Ann Intern Med 1998 Feb; 128(4):293-8
Murray C, Wild K Will higher level practice help the profession? 1998 Br J Nurs 1998 Oct 8-21;7(18):1062
Maclaine K Clarifying higher level roles in nursing practice 1998 Professional Nurse 14(3) 159-163
Lewis CK, Carson WY Nurse practitioner certification: benefits and drawbacks. 1998 Adv Pract Nurs Q 1998 Winter;4(3):72-7
Wood I The effects of continuing professional education on the clinical practice of nurses: a review of the literature. 1998 Int J Nurs Stud 1998 Jun;35(3):125-31
Dimmond B. Radiology Nursing: Legal issues surrounding the expanded role. 1998 British Journal of Nursing 7(13) 793-796
UKCC PREP – specialist practice: Consideration of issues relating to embracing nurse practitioners and clinical nurse specialists within the specialist practice framework 1997 (Dec) U.K.C.C. London – Agendum 7.2. CC/97/46
Shea S and Selfridge-Thomas J The ED nurse practitioner: pearls and pitfalls of role transition and development, 1997 Journal of Emergency Nursing, 233, pp. 235-237.
Allen D The nursing-medical boundary: a negotiated order? 1997 Sociology of Health and Illness 19(4) 498-520
Sherwood G. D. Defining Nurse Practitioners Scope of Practice: Expanding Primary Care Services. 1997 The internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice Vol 1 N 2\r\n
Myers,P.C.,Lenci,B.& Sheldon,M.G A nurse practitioner as the first point of contact for urgent medical problems in a general practice setting 1997 Family Practice ,14 (6),492-497.
UKCC PREP – specialist practice – Consideration of issues relating to embracing nurse practitioners and clinical nurse specialists within the specialist practice framework 1997 U.K.C.C. London, Agendum 7.2. December 1997, CC/97/46
Pennels C Protocols (legal aspects of protocol for nurse administration of drugs) 1997 Professional Nurse 13(2) 113-7
Keyzer DM Working Together: The Advanced Rural Nurse Practitioner and Rural Doctor 1997 Australian Journal of Rural Health 5(4): 184–189
Department of Health The New NHS: Modern, dependable (CM3807) 1997 DoH London, The Stationary Office
Pinelli JM. The clinical nurse specialist/nurse practitioner: oxymoron or match made in heaven? 1997 Canadian Journal Of Nursing Administration 10 (1), 85-110. .
Woods L. Conceptualizing advanced nursing practice: curriculum issues to consider in the educational preparation of advanced practice nurses in the UK. 1997 Journal of Advanced Nursing 25(4), 820-828.
Tye CC The emergency nurse practitioner role in major accident and emergency departments: professional issues and the research agenda, 1997 Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26, pp. 364-370.
Lindeke L. L. Canedy B. H. Kay M. M. A Comparison of Practice Domains of Clinical Nurse Specialists and Nurse Practitioners 1997 Journal of Professional Nursing 13(5) p.281-287
Whiteley MS; Wilmott K; Offland RB. A specialist nurse can replace pre-registration house officers in the surgical pre-admission clinic. 1997 Annals Of The Royal College Of Surgeons Of England 79 (6l), 257-60. .
Maylor, M Nurse practitioners: what difference does a title make? 1997 Nursing Standard. 1997 Dec 17-1998 Jan 6; 12(13-15): 54-5.
Manley, K A conceptual framework for advanced practice : an action research project operationalizing an advanced practitioner/consultant nurse role 1997 Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol 6, Pt. 3, pp. 179-190.
McCaffrey Boyle DM Lessons learned from clinical nurse specialist longevity, 1997 Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26, pp. 1168-1174.
Brush B. L. Capezuti E. A. Professional Autonomy: Essential for nurse practitioners survival in the 21st century 1997 Journal of American Academic Nurse Practitioners 9(6) June 265-270
Heaney D. & Paxton F. Minor injuries units: evaluating patients’ perceptions, 1997 Nursing Standard, 12 (5), pp. 45-47.
Heaney D. & Paxton F Evaluation of a nurse-led minor injuries unit, 1997 Nursing Standard, 12 (4), pp. 35-38.
Dolan B, Dale J and Morley V Nurse practitioners: the role in A&E and primary care, 1997 Nursing Standard, 11 (17), pp.33-37.
Ball C Planning for the future: advanced nursing practice in critical care, 1997 Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 13 (1), pp.17-25.
Beales J Innovation in accident and emergency management: establishing a nurse-practitioner run minor injuries/primary care unit, 1997 Accident and Emergency Nursing, 5, pp. 71-75.
Campbell-Heider N., Kleinpell R.M., Holzemer W.L. Commentary about Marchione and Garlands ‘An Emerging Profession? The case of the nurse practitioner’. 1997 Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship 29(4) 338-339
Murray C, Thomas M Advanced nursing practice: role or concept? 1997 Br J Nurs 1997 May 8-21;6(9):474
Dunn L. A Literature Review of Advanced Clinical Nursing Practice in the United States of America. 1997 Journal of Advanced Nursing 25,4, 814-819.
Wright KB Advanced practice nursing: merging the clinical nurse specialist and nurse practitioner roles. 1997 Gastroenterol Nurs 1997 Mar-Apr;20(2):57-60
Albarran JW, Whittle C An analysis of professional, specialist and advanced nursing practice in critical care. 1997 Nurse Educ Today 1997 Feb;17(1):72-9
Marshall J. I Protocols and Emergency Nursing 1997 Nursing Times 93(14) 58-59
Salussolia M Is advanced nursing practice a post or a person? 1997 Br J Nurs 1997 Sep 11-24;6(16):928-33
Read S. Jones R. Analysis of the contents of ENRiP database: Report to ENRiP advisory group meeting 1997 ScHARR, University of Sheffield – From Maclaine
McGee P Development of specialist and advanced practice in North America 1997 British Journal of Nursing 6(5) 272-274
Castledine G Framework for a clinical career structure in nursing. 1997 British Journal of Nursing 6 (5): 264-271 (Mar 13 1997)
Royal College of Nursing (RCN) Nurse Practitioners – your questions answered 1997 RCN, London
Murray C, Thomas M Specialist practitioners: are they all the same? 1996 Br J Nurs 1996 Dec 12-1997 Jan 8;5(22):1353
Chan FS An evaluation of the role of the night nurse practitioner. 1996 Nurs Times 92 (38): 38-39 (Sep 18 1996)
Stilwell B. Scott C. The nurse practitioner project: Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals 1996 London – Royal College of Nursing
Kaufman G Nurse practitioners in general practice: an expanding role. 1996 Nursing Standard 11 (8): 44-47 (Nov 13 1996)
Easen, P; Wilcockson, J Intuition and rational decision-making in professional thinking: a false dichotomy? 1996 Journal of Advanced Nursing. 24(4):667-673, October 1996.
Parkinson, C. So you want to be a … [Nurse practitioner] 1996 Community Nurse, Feb 1996, Vol 2, No 1, p51
Stilwell B. The Nurse Practitioner Role and Title – Draft Document – Conference Paper 1996 Uncertain
Department of Health Primary care delivering the future 1996 London, HMSO
Fulbrook P Advanced practice: do we know what it is? 1996 Nurs Crit Care 1996 Jan-Feb;1(1):9-12
Brown MA Primary care nurse practitioners: Do not blend the colors in the rainbow of advanced practice nursing, 1996 Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, Available from: (Accessed 21 March 2008) (Internet).
Jukes Mark Advanced practice within learning disability nursing. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(5) 293-298
Ackerman M, Norsen L, Martin B, Wiedrich J & Kitzman H Development of a model of advanced practice. 1996 American Journal of Critical Care 5,68-73.
Dowling S; Martin R; Skidmore P; Doyal L; Cameron A; Lloyd S. Nurses taking on junior doctors’ work: a confusion of accountability. 1996 BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) 11- 312 (7040): 1211-4.
Conference Report – Abstracts from the Conference “MiniDoctor/MaxiNurse” organised by SNAP – Birmingham 1996 Nurse Practitioners and the Law. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(5) 301-302
Newbold D. An evaluation of the role of the nurse practitioner 1996 Nursing Times 92(22) 45-46
Royal College of Nursing – Learning Unit Pushing the Boundaries: Nurse Practitioner 1996 Nursing Standard March 27 10(27)
Leung HY, Davis M, Arnold D, Hamdy FC, Neal DE The role of the nurse practitioner in a urology service. 1996 British Journal of Urology 77 (4): 502-505 (Apr 1996)
Rasch R. F. R. and Frauman A. C. Advanced Practice in Nursing: Conceptual Issues 1996 Journal of Professional Nursing 12(3) p.141-146
Pennels C. Nurse Prescribing (legal aspects) 1996 Professional Nurse 13(2) 114-5
Ryan S. Defining the role of the specialist nurse 1996 Nursing Standard 10(17) 27-29
Webb, J., Warwick, C. Leading the way 1996 Nursing Standard, 10 Jan 1996, Vol 10, No 16, p44.
Kelly A. Nurse Practitioners: furthering the debate. 1996 Health Visitor 70(1) 18-20
Elcock K. Consultant Nurse: an appropriate title for the advanced nurse practitioner? 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(22) 1376-1381
McGee P., Castledine G., Brown R. A survey of specialist and advanced nursing practice in England. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(11) 682-686
Peysner J Physicians’ assistants: Legal implications of the extended role of the nurse 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(10) 592
Kitson A L Johns Hopkins Address: Does Nursing Have a Future? 1996 British Medical Journal (1996) Vol 313, 1647-1651.
Crouch R., Dale J., Haverty S., Winsor S. Piloting an A&E and practice nurse educational exchange. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(22) 1387-1390
Raines KH; Wilson A. Frontier nursing service: a historical perspective on nurse-managed care. 1996 Journal Of Community Health Nursing [J Community Health Nurs 13(2) 123-7.
Joanne V. Hickey, Ruth M. Ouimette, Sandra L. Venegoni. [edited by] Advanced practice nursing : changing roles and clinical applications 1996 Philadelphia : Lippincott,
Bryan Catharine Becoming a Nurse Practitioner 1996 Community Nurse 2(6) 22
Castledine G. The role and criteria of an advanced nurse practitioner. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(5) 288-289
Cahill H. Role definition: nurse practitioners or clinicians’ assistants. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(22) 1382-1386
Svensson Roland The interplay between doctors and nurses – a negotiated order perspective 1996 Sociology of Health and Illness Vol. 18 No. 3 – 379-398
McGee P The research role of the advanced nurse practitioner. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(5) 290-292
Mitchinson S. Goodlad S. Changes in the roles and responsibilities of nurses. 1996 Professional Nurse 11(11) 734-736
Bousfield C. A phenomenological investigation into the role of the clinical nurse specialist. 1996 Journal of Advanced Nursing 25(2): 245-256
Ryan AA. Doctor-nurse relations: a review of the literature. 1996 Social Sciences in Health: International Journal of Research & Practice. 2(2):93-106, 1996 May.
Auter R. Role of the nurse teacher in advanced nursing practice. 1996 British Journal of Nursing 5(5) 298-301
Hall Gwen. New skills find a new place. 1996 Practice Nurse 12(8) 517-520
Healy P. Confusion reigns over nurse practitioners. 1996 Nursing Standard 11(6) 13
Torn A. McNichol E. Can a mental health nurse be a nurse practitioner? 1996 4th
Sutton F. and Smith C. Advanced nursing practice: new ideas and new perspectives. 1995 Journal of Advanced Nursing. 21, 1037 – 1043.
Sutton F, Smith C Advanced nursing practice: new ideas and new perspectives 1995 Journal of Advanced Nursing 21(6): 1037–1043
Griffon DP. “Crowning the edifice.” Ethel Fenwick and state registration. 1995 Nursing History Review: Official Journal Of The American Association For The History Of Nursing 3: 201-12. .
Holliday I The NHS Transformed 1995 Manchester: Baseline Books
Rhee KJ, Dermyer AL Patient Satisfaction With a Nurse Practitioner in a University Emergency Service 1995 Annals of Emergency Medicine 26(2), 130-132
Meek SJ, Ruffles G, Anderson J & Ohiorenoya D Nurse practitioners in major accident and emergency departments: a national survey. 1995 Journal of Accident and Emergency 12, 177-181.
Sheehan A; Wright S Cut Flowers 1995 Nursing Standard. 9(35):46-7, 1995 May 24-30.
Winson G. Fox J. Nurse Practitioners: the American experience 1995 British Journal of Nursing 4(22) 1326-1329
Thome R., Bryar, R. A contribution to the debate 1995 Health Visitor, Aug 1995, Vol 68, No 8, p318.
Jeffree, Pauline The practice nurse : theory and practice 1995 London : Chapman & Hall
Koefman K. & Woods M. Developing a New Deal for nurses 1995 Nursing Standard 9(44) 33-35
Brown, R. Education for specialist and advanced practice 1995 BRITISH JOURNAL OF NURSING, 9 Mar 1995, Vol 4, No 5, pp266-268. \r\n(Appears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist Nursing, Spring 1995, 1(1), 266-268)
Paniagua, H. The scope of advanced practice: Action potential for practice nurses 1995 British Journal of Nursing, 9 Mar 1995, Vol 4, No 5, pp269, 271-272, 274. \r\n(Appears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist nursing, Spring 1995, 1(1), 269,271-272,274)
South Thames Regional Health Authority (STRHA) Evaluation of Nurse Practitioner Pilot Projects. 1995 London, NHS Executive South Thames
Notter Joy Marketing specialist practice to managers and purchasers 1995 British Journal of Nursing 4(22) 1330-1334
Brown, R.A. The politics of specialist / advanced practice: conflict or confusion? 1995 BRITISH JOURNAL OF NURSING, 14 Sep 1995, Vol 4, No 16, pp944-948.\r\n(Appears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist Nursing, Summer\r\n1995, 1(3), 944-948)
Lawson, P., Emmerson, P. Nurse Practitioners: Agents of change 1995 Health Visitor, Jun 1995, Vol 68, No 6, pp244-245.
Rolfe, G., Phillips, L.-M. An action research project to develop and evaluate the role of an advanced nurse practitioner in dementia 1995 Journal of Clinical Nursing, Sep 1995, Vol 4, No 5, pp289-293.
Meister J Adopt the singular title: advanced practice nurse. 1995 Nurse Pract 1995 Aug;20(8):23-4, 33
Mirr M.P. & Snyder M. Advanced Practice Nursing: A Guide to Professional Development 1995 Springer, New York.
Fulbrook , P What is advanced practice? 1995 Intensive and critical care nursing, Feb 1995, Vol 11, No 1, p53.
Castledine G. Will the nurse practitioner be a mini doctor or a maxi nurse? 1995 BRITISH JOURNAL OF NURSING, 14 Sep 1995, Vol 4, No 16, pp938-939. \r\n(Appears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist Nursing, Summer 1995, 1(3), 938-939)
Wilkinson C & Wilkinson J. What are the implications of doctor-nurse substitution. 1995 British Journal of Nursing 14(15) 55
Fish J. The impact of reducing junior doctors hours’ on nursing 1995 British Journal of Nursing 4(6) 306
Wright S.F The role of the Nurse: extended or expanded? 1995 Nursing Standard 9(33) 25-29
Elliott, P.A. The development of advanced nursing practice: 2 1995 British Journal of Nursing, 22 Jun 1995, Vol 4, No 12, pp709-711.
Crinson I. Impact of the Patients Charter on A&E departments 2: the emergency nurse practitioner 1995 British Journal of Nursing 14 Dec 1995, Vol 4, No 22, pp1321-1325.\r\n(Appears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist Nursing , Autumn 1995, 1(4), 1321-1325)
Davies B, Hughes AM Clarification of advanced nursing practice: characteristics and competencies. 1995 Clin Nurse Spec 1995 May;9(3):156-60, 166
McGee P Are specialist nurses cost effective 1995 British Journal of Nursing 4(22) 1320 (editorial)
Tolley K. Extending nurses’ professional roles 1995 Nursing Standard 9(18) 42-43 (wrong source)
GIbbon B Luker K.A. Uncharted Territory: Master preparation as a foundation for nurse clinicians 1995 Nurse Education Today, Jun 1995, Vol 15, No 3, pp164-169.
Fondiller SH. Loretta C. Ford: a modern Olympian, she lit a torch… 1995 N & HC Perspectives on Community. 16(1):6-11, 1995 Jan-Feb.
Wallace M., Gough P. The UKCC’S criteria for specialist and advanced nursing practice 1995 BRITISH JOURNAL OF NURSING, 14 Sep 1995, Vol 4, No 16, pp939-944.Appears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist Nursing, Summer 1995, 1(3), 939-944)
Edwards K. What are Nurses’ views on expanding practice 1995 Nursing Standard 9(41) 38-40
Smith M. C. The core of advanced practice nursing 1995 Nursing Science Quarterly 8(1): 2-3
Marsden, J. Setting up nurse practitioner roles: Issues in practice 1995 BRITISH JOURNAL OF NURSING, 14 Sep 1995, Vol 4, No 16, pp948-952.\r\nAppears as supplement title British Journal of Specialist Nursing, Summer 1995, 1(3), 948-952)
DeAngelis CD Nurse Practitioner Redux 1994 JAMA. 1994;271(11):868-871
Gawlinski, Anna, Kern, Leslie S. The clinical nurse specialist role in critical care 1994 Philadelphia ; London : Saunders
Williams C. A. Valdivieso G. C. Advanced Practice Models: A comparison of clinical nurse specialist and nurse practitioner activities. 1994 Clinical Nurse Specialist 8(6) 311-318
Hunt, Geoffrey, Wainwright, Paul Expanding the role of the nurse : the scope of professional practice 1994 Oxford : Blackwell Scientific
Humphris, Debra The clinical nurse specialist : issues in practice 1994 Basingstoke : Macmillan
Walby S, Greenwell J Medicine and Nursing – professions in a changing health service 1994 Sage Publications, London
Lunn J. The Scope of Professional Practice from a legal perspective 1994 British Journal of Nursing 13(15) 770-771
Clochesy JM, Daly BJ, Idemoto BK, Steel J, Fitzpatrick JJ Preparing advanced practice nurses for acute care. 1994 Am J Crit Care 1994 Jul;3(4):255-9
Greenhalgh & Co. Ltd The interface between junior doctors and nurses: a research study for the Department of Health 1994 Greenhalgh & Co. Ltd, Macclesfield (2ndry from Gibbon 1995)
Trnobranski P. H. Nurse Practitioner – Redefining the role of the community nurse. 1994 Journal of Advanced Nursing 19(1) Jan 94 134-139
Schumacher K.L. & Meleis A.I. Transitions: a central concept in nursing Image: 1994 Journal of Nursing Scholarship 26(2), 119 127.
Wilson-Barnett J. Beech S. Evaluating the Clinical Nurse Specialist: a review 1994 International Journal of Nursing Studies 31(6) 561-571
Jordan S. Nurse Practitioner, learning from the USA experience: a review of the literature. 1994 Health and social Care in the Community 2(3), 173-185
Hill J. An evaluation of the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of a nurse practitioner in a rheumatology outpatient clinic. 1994 British Journal of Rheumatology. 1994. 33, 283-288.
Chief Nursing Officers of the UK The Challenges for Nursing and Midwifery in the 21st century (The Heathrow Debate) 1993 DOH (Department of Health), London
Shaw MC. The discipline of nursing: historical roots, current perspectives, future directions. 1993 Journal Of Advanced Nursing 18(10): 1651-6. .
Keane A, Richmond T Tertiary Nurse Practitioners 1993 Journal of Nursing Scholarship 25(4): 281–284
Shepherd J. Nurses are changing not extending their roles 1993 British Journal of Nursing 2(9) 447
Jones J. NP Education: A Phenomenological approach that works. NP: The UK/USA experience. Proceedings on the First International Conference on NP Practice. 1993 Nursing Standard London
Trinidad EA Case management: a model of CNS practice. 1993 Clin Nurse Spec 1993 Jul;7(4):221-3
Moore SM Promoting advanced practice nursing. 1993 AACN Clin Issues Crit Care Nurs 1993 Nov;4(4):603-8
Laurent C. Special but not specialist 1993 Nursing Times 89(34) 25 Aug, 24-26
Department of Health Hospital Doctors: Training for the future. The report of the working group on specialist medical training. (The Calman Report) 1993 London DoH
Fenton M. Brykczynski K. Qualitative distinctions and similarities in the practice of clinical nurse specialities and nurse practitioners. 1993 Journal of Professional Nursing 9 – 313-326
Davies M. S. Sawin K. J. Teaching strategies used by expert Nurse Practitioner Preceptors: A qualitative study. 1992. Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 5(1) 27-33
Read S.M. Jones K.M.B. Williams B.T. Nurse Practitioners in Accident and Emergency: what do they do. 1992 British Medical Journal 305(12Dec), 1466-1470
Woolwich C. A wider frame of reference. 1992 Nursing Times 88(11 Nov), 34-36
Patterson and Haddad B The advanced nurse practitioner: common attributes, 1992 Canadian Journal of Nursing Administration, Nov/Dec. pp.18-22.
Hunsberger M, Mitchell A, Blatz S, Paes B, Pinelli J, Southwell D, French S, Soluk R Definition of an Advanced Nursing Practice Role in the NICU: The Clinical Nurse Specialist/Neonatal Practitioner 1992 Clinical Nurse Specialist. 6(2):91-96
Last T. Self N. Kassab J. Rajan A. Extended role of the nurse in ICU 1992 British Journal of Nursing 1(13) 672-675
Hand D. Taking a giant leap towards freedom 1992 Nursing Standard 6(42) 23
Price MJ; Martin AC; Newberry YG; Zimmer PA; Brykczynski KA; Warren B. Developing national guidelines for nurse practitioner education: an overview of the product and the process. 1992 The Journal Of Nursing Education 31 (1), 10-5. .
McLoughlin S. American Nurses’ Association – Congress of Nursing Practice. 1992 American Nurse 24, 23
UKCC Code of Professional Conduct 1992 London UKCC
Fenton M.V. Education for the advanced practice of clinical nurse specialists. 1992 Oncology Nursing Forum 19(1), 16 20.
Ashcroft J Rising to the challenge 1992 Nursing Times 88(37) 30
Koch L.K. Pazaki S.H. The first 20 years of Nurse Practitioner literature: An evolution of joint practice issues. 1992 Nurse Practitioner 17(2), 62-71
Earwaker, J. Helping and Supporting Students: Rethinking the Issues. 1992 The Society for Research into Higher Education. Open University Press.
Department of Health The extended role of the Nurse / Scope of Professional Practice (PL/CNO (92/4)) 1992 London – DoH
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Kersley K The clinical nurse specialist–a personal perspective. 1992 Intensive Crit Care Nurs 1992 Jun;8(2):71-5
Dowling S. & Barrett S. Doctors in the making 1991 Bristol, University of Bristol School for Urban Studies
Porter S A participant observation study of power relations between nurses and doctors in a general hospital. 1991 Journal of Advanced Nursing 16, 728-735
Dodds F First class nurses – or second class doctors? 1991 British Journal of Theatre Nursing 1(9) 6-8
Dempster J.S. The Nurse Practitioner and autonomy: Contributions to the professional maturity of nursing. 1991 Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 3(2), 75-78
Schroer K. Case management: Clinical nurse specialist and nurse practitioner converging roles. 1991 Clinical Nurse Specialist 5(4), 189-194
Clemen-Stone S. Eigsti D. McGuire S.L Comprehensive Family and Community Health Nursing 1991 Mosby London
Fenton M.V. Rounds L.R. Combining the role of the Nurse Practitioner and the community health nurse: and educational model for implementing community based primary care. 1991 Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 3(3), 99-105
Salvage, Jane Nurse practitioners : working for change in primary health care nursing 1991 London : King’s Fund Centre
Royal College of Nursing (RCN) Survey of Health Authorities and their Policies Related to Role Extension for Nurses (Unpublished) 1990 London, RCN.
Department of Health National Health Service (NHS) and Community Care Act 1990 Department of Health, London
UKCC The Scope of Professional Practice 1990 UKCC London
Welsh National Board. The Extended Role of the Nurse. Cardiff, WNB. 1990 WNB
Forbes KE; Rafson J; Spross JA; Kozlowski D. Clinical nurse specialist and nurse practitioner core curricula survey results. 1990 The Nurse Practitioner 15 (4), 43, 46-8. .
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Stilwell B. Hobbs R. Nursing in General Practice – Clinical Care 1990 Radcliff, Oxford
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Dyson R. Changing Labour Utilisation in NHS Trusts. 1990 Keele, University of Keele.
Spitzer W.O. Sackett D.L. 25th Anniversary of nurse practitioners: The Burlington randomised trial of the nurse practitioner. 1990 Journal of American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 2(3), 93-99
Bates B. Twelve Paradoxes: A message for nurse practitioners. 1990 Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 2(4), 136-139
Ahrens TS. Padwojski A Utilization of advanced nurse clinicians proved cost-effective and clinically valuable 1990 Nursing Management 21(11): 73
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Tingle J. The law and the nurse. 1989 Nursing Standard. 1989. 4, 12, 20-22.
Kane R.L. Garrard J. Skay C.L. Effects of a geriatric nurse practitioner on process and outcome of nursing home care. 1989 American Journal of Public Health 79(Sep), 1271-1277
Salvage J Shifting Boundaries 1989 Nursing Times 85(10) 24
Morris F. Head S. Holker V. The Nurse Practitioner: Help clarifying clinical and educational activities in accident and emergency departments. 1989 Health trends 21(Dec), 124-126
Department of Health Working for Patients 1989 London – DOH
Fawcett-Henesy A. Nurse Practitioner – a new role 1988 Nursing Standard April 23 p.21-23
Stilwell B. Patients attitudes to a highly developed extended role – The nurse practitioner 1988 Recent Advances in Nursing 21. 82-100
Hughes D When nurse knows best: some aspects of nurse-doctor interactions in a casualty department 1988 Sociology of Health and Illness 10, 1-22
Dyer, A R Ethics and Psychiatry: Toward Professional Definition 1988 American Psychiatric Press Inc, Washington, – accessed on 29-10-03
Chambers,N. Nurse practitioners in primary care 1988 Oxford:Radcliffe Medical Press.
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Silver H.K. McAtee P. Should nurses substitute for house staff. 1988 American Journal of Nursing 88(Dec), 1671-1673
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Salisbury S. J. Tettersell M. J. Comparison of the work of a nurse practitioner with that of a general practitioner 1988 Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 38: 314-316
Stilwell B. The origins and development of the Nurse Practitioner role – a world wide perspective. 1988 In Bowling A. Stilwell B. eds (1988)\r\nThe Nurse in Family Practice \r\nScutari, London
Royal College of Nursing (RCN) Specialities in Nursing: A report of the working party investigating the development of specialities within the nursing profession. 1988 RCN, London
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Feldman MJ; Ventura MR. Crosby F Studies of Nurse Practitioner Effectiveness 1987 Nursing Research: 36(5) 303-308
Geolot D.H. Nurse Practitioner education: Observations from a national perspective. 1987 Nursing Outlook 35(May/June), 132-135
Stilwell B, Greenfield S, Drury M, Hull FM A nurse practitioner in general practice: working style and pattern of consultations 1987 J R Coll Gen Pract. 37(297): 154–157.
Stilwell B. Different Expectations 1987 Nursing Times / Nursing Mirror 83(17-23 June), 59-61
Stilwell B. Greenfield S. Drury M. Hull F. M. A nurse practitioner in general practice: working styles and pattern of consultation. 1987 Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 37: 154-157
Campbell-Heider N. Pollock D. Barriers to physician – nurse collegiality: an anthropological perspective. 1987 Social Science Today 25(5), 421-425
Keddy B; Gillis MJ; Jacobs P; Burton H; Rogers M. The doctor-nurse relationship: an historical perspective. 1986 Journal Of Advanced Nursing 11 (6): 745-753. .
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Molde S. Diers D. Nurse practitioner research: selected literature review and research agenda 1985 Nursing Research 34(6): 362-366
Birnbach N. The nurse registration movement in Great Britain. 1985 Advances In Nursing Science 7 (2), pp. 13-9. .
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Holt F. M. A Theoretical model for clinical specialist practice 1984 Nursing and Health Care, 5(8), 445-449
Calkin JD A Model for Advanced Nursing Practice 1984 Journal of Nursing Administration Volume 14 (1): 24-30
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Stilwell B. The nurse in practice. The nurse practitioner 1984 Nursing Mirror 158(21): 17-9
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Melia K A sociological approach to the analysis of nursing work 1979 Journal of Advanced Nursing 4 57-67
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Lawrence S.L. Patient acceptance of the family nurse practitioner 1976 Medical Care 14(4) 357-364
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Darnell RE The promotion of interest in the role of the physician associate as a potential career opportunity for nurses: an alternative strategy 1973 Social Science and Medicine 7: 495-505
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Briggs (Report) Report on the Committee on Nursing 1972 HMSO / DHSS London
Charney E, Kitzman H, Berkow E, Cafarelli C, Davis L, Disney F, Friedlander C, Green J, Hare N, MacWhinney J, Miller R The Child-Health Nurse (Pediatric Nurse Practitioner) in Private Practice — A Controlled Trial 1971 N Engl J Med 1971; 285:1353-1358
Bergman AB Two views on the latest health manpower issues: Physicians assistants belong in the nursing profession. 1971 American Journal of Nursing 71: 975
Hawthorn P. J. The Nurse working with the General Practitioner: An evaluation of research and review of the literature. 1971 DHSS
Manton J. Sister Dora: The Life of Dorothy Pattison. 1971 Methuen, London.
De Tornyay R Two views on the latest health manpower issues: Expanding the nurses role does not make her a physicians assistant. 1971 American Journal of Nursing 71: 974
Friedson E Professional Dominance: the Structure of Medical Care 1970 Aldine-Atherton, Chicago
Bates B. Doctor and Nurse: Changing roles and relations. 1970 The New England Journal of Medicine 283(3) 129-134
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Johnson DE, Wilcox JA, Moidel HC The clinical nurse specialist as a practitioner 1967 American Journal of Nursing 67: 2298
Ford L. & Silver H. Expanding the Role of the Nurse in Child Care 1967 Nursing Outlook 15: 43-45
Silver HK, Ford LC, Steady SG A Program to Increase Health Care for Children: THE Pediatric Nurse Practitioner 1967 PEDIATRICS 399(5) pp. 756 -760
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Richards DH Dilution in general practice 1966 Lancet 1:9
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Pratt H The doctors’ view of the changing nurse-physician relationship 1965 Journal of Medical Education 40: 767
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Vayda CO Nurses can take on more work 1965 Nursing Outlook 13: 57
Pellegrino ED Nursing and medical-ethical implications in changing practice. 1964 American Journal of Nursing 64: 107
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